The International Labor Organization conservatively estimates that there are 20.9 million victims of human trafficking globally, including 5.5 million children. 55% are women and girls. Within that number, they estimated that 4.5 million people around the world are currently forced into sexual exploitation. 98% of these victims are women and girls.
The UN and other experts estimated that the total market value of human trafficking industry is $32 Billion – about $9.5 Billion alone in the US. Slavery has existed for thousands of years, but changes in the world’s economy and societies over the past 50 years have enabled a resurgence of slavery. Millions have become vulnerable to slave holders and human traffickers looking to profit through the theft of people’s lives.
The recruitment and/or movement of someone within or across borders, through the abuse of power/ position with the intention of forced exploitation, commercial or otherwise.
Forced labor and sexual exploitation are the two primary categories of trafficking. Other specific types of trafficking include:
• Domestic servitude
• Forced marriage
• Child soldiering
• Forced begging
• Organ trafficking
Watch the video below by MTV Exit to see different scenarios of human-trafficking.
• Displaced persons, minorities, and other marginalized groups
• Impoverished populations
• Survivors of interpersonal violence and homelessness
• Children make up about 25% of those victimized
Estimates on how many people are trafficked globally vary from 20 to 37 million.
• Forced Labor Exploitation — 67.9%
• Forced Sexual Exploitation — 21.5%
• State Imposed Force Labor — 10.5%
Traffickers can be any age, gender, ethnicity or nationality. In many cases traffickers are related to or are close acquaintances of those they are exploiting. They use force, fraud, or coercion to get their victims.
• Drug & alcohol dependencies
• Depression & anxiety
• HIV & other STDs
• Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
• Unplanned pregnancy
• Trauma bonds & Stockholm syndrome
• Suicidal tendencies
• Mental illness
• Be informed
• Take actions, support anti-trafficking organizations
• Report trafficking
• Fund raising/donate
Sources: FBI, Exoduscry.com, HumanTraffickingCenter.org, Love146.org, standingforfreedom2015.com, freetheslaves.net, polarisproject.org.